한글 구조

Korean alphabet

Korean Alphabet are built using consonant and vowel parts. Using these individual parts over 12,000 characters can be constructed.

There are 14 basic consonants and 10 basic vowels.

Please refer to the table below for details.

Consonant

  • Single consonant
Hangul Sound
g/k
n
d/t
l/r
m
p/b
s
silent “ng”
j
ch
k
t
p
h

 

  • Double consonants
Hangul Sound
K
t
p
s
tch

 

All the double consonants have a harder sound than their single counterparts and are pronounced with no expulsion of air.

Vowel

The Korean vowels are generally separated into two categories: monophthongs and diphthongs.

  • Monophthong

Hangul Sound
a
ya
eo
yeo
o
yo
u
yu
eu
i

 

  • Diphthong

Hangul Sound
ae
yae
e
ye
wa
wae
oe
weo
wae
wi
ui

 

Vowels are written top to bottom and left to right.

Consonant + Vowel

Finally if you put the vowels and the consonants together you get this chart, which shows the complete Korean Alphabet.

 

Introduction to worksheets

Our worksheet is designed to help you practice the basic Korean alphabet (Hangul) based on the above. You can also enjoy various calligraphy.

 



 

 

 

 

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